In 1840s people began to explore colour photography. James Clerk Maxwell a Scottish physicist, was the first who took a photograph which colors didn’t fade. It was taken in 1861 and published only in 1855. This photograph was taken using the three-coloration-separation principle. Maxwell's idea was to take 3 separate black-and-white snap shots through blue, green and red filters.
This provides the photographer with the three primary channels required to recreate a color image. Transparent prints of the photographs could be projected thru similar shade filters and superimposed on the projection display screen, an additive style of color reproduction. A color print on paper might be produced with the aid of superimposing carbon prints of the three photos made of their complementary shades. In late 1860s this technique was mastered by Louis Ducos du Hauron
Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii made full-size use of this color separation technique, employing a special digital camera which successively uncovered the 3 color-filtered pics on variable areas of an oblong plate.
Implementation of color photos slowed down due to the restricted sensitivity of early photographic materials, which was pretty responsive to blue, little responsive to green, and almost unresponsive at all to red. Photo chemist Hermann Vogel exposed the dye sensitization in 1873, and all of a sudden made it viable to add sensitivity to new colors like red, yellow and even green. Improved color sensitizes and continuing development in the overall responsibility of emulsions firmly decreased time which was needed for color, bringing it very close to commercial viability.
Auto chrome, was the first commercially successful color processing, was popularized thanks to Lumière brothers in 1907. Auto chrome plates joined mosaic color filter layers, which allowed the three colors to be recorded as photographs fragments. Auto chrome plates were one of few options of additive color screen plates and films marketed between the 1890s and the 1950s.